The only Aesculus variety native to the West,[3] A. californica is widely distributed in California, growing along the central coast and in the lower elevations of the Sierra Nevada and Cascade Range. This native, deciduous shrub or tree reaches 12 m in height with a broad, rounded crown. 12, 2005 Plant of the Year, California Buckeye (Aesculus californica (Spach.) All rights reserved. The California buckeye is a small tree that is native to the state of California. [3] The nectar and pollen of the flowers is toxic to honeybees,[3] so the trees should not be planted near apiaries. Children tend to suffer more severe symptoms due to their smaller body size. Gledhill, David (2008). California buckeye trees (Aesculus californica) are native to parts of California and southern Oregon. [4] The bark, leaves, and fruits contain the neurotoxic glycoside aesculin, which causes hemolysis of red blood cells. The leaves are dark green, palmately compoundwith five (rarely seven) leaflets. The most spectacular part, of course, is the amazing flower spikes, about 8 to 12 inches (20 t0 30 cm) long, with a mild scent and amazing coloration, if … Native groups occasionally used the plant as a food supply; after boiling and leaching the toxin out of the seeds or nut meats for several days, they could be ground into a flour or meal similar to that made from acorns. 'Aesculus' is Linnaeus' name for horse chestnuts. Buckeye also makes a good fireboard for a bow drill or hand drill. It typically is multi-trunked, with a crown as broad as it is high. Leaves Palmately Compound, Bluish Green or Silver or Gray Green, No Change, Deciduous. Botanic Name: Aesculus californica Common Name: California Buckeye Size: 30'h x 30'w Sun: Sun-Shade H20: Occ.H2O/moist It is said to be toxic to non-native bees. Tree Characteristics. It is a large shrub or small tree growing to 4-12 meters tall, with gray bark often coated with lichens or mosses. Has Deciduous foliage. It is used as an ornamental plant for its striking leaf buds, lime green foliage, fragrant white flowers, red-brown foliage in mid to late summer, and architectural silver branches through fall. *Please note: It is known that both the pollen and nectar of the California Buckeye tree are toxic to the European honey bee when it is the only forage available. In spring fragrant cream colored blooms emerge making a stunning display. Trees are long lived, with an estimated lifespan between 250–280 (300 maximum) years. Growth Rate This tree grows at a slow to medium rate, with height increases of anywhere from less than 12" to 24" per year. Most pieces have wonderful burl and swirling grain patterns mixed with blue/grey, black & golden color contrast "The Names of Plants". The leaves are tender and prone to damage from bo… The leaves are dark green, palmately compound with five (rarely seven) leaflets. Width: 20 - 30 feet. It is usually very round and bush-like in appearance. Soil PH: 4.0 - 8.0, Hedges, Bank Stabilization, Deer Resistant, Butterfly Gardens. I thought it was only fair to show the rest of it. Facts About the Buckeye Tree. The California Buckeye is an attractive small tree with excellent drought resistant qualities. Atascadero, CA 93422 Phone: 805 466-4044. Trees are long lived, with an estimated lifespan between 250–280 (300 maximum) years. (.pdf), USDA Plants Profile for Aesculus californica (California buckeye), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Aesculus_californica&oldid=994045178, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 December 2020, at 20:55. Its range extends to the foothills of the Siskiyou Mountains in the Rogue Valley in Oregon. The tree also acts as a soil binder, which prevents erosion in hilly regions. arguta) looks a lot like the Ohio buckeye but is considerably shorter, ranging from shrub size to 40 feet tall and almost as wide. Flowers Showy. It is a true California endemic, not occurring elsewhere in the world! It is found growing below 4,000 feet throughout California and Southern Oregon. As a result of local growing conditions, this tree is specifically well adapted to growth in locations where there is little water or drought is possible. California buckeye. Native to the central coast ranges and Sierra Nevada mountains in partial shade to full sun, tolerant to drought but needs regular water for the first few years. 2 m tall by 3 m wide; already apparent, the typically heavy trunk--as here, frequently multiply divided from the base--and the proportionately thick limbs; the smooth, light gray bark persists in the mature tree "Aesculus californica (California Buckeye … California Buckeye Burl (Aesculus californica) is a deciduous tree, endemic to California and the only native buckeye species to the state. Laser Cut, Hand Shaped, © California Native Plant Society. Bruce Stamp ~ Wood Sculpture 9515 Lake View Drive. In fact, California buckeye trees are quite unique due to their summer loss of foliage. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 145.8 square miles (377.6 km 2), all of it land. We get the burls in whole and mill them right here at our facility into anything from guitar blanks to turning squares. The Texas buckeye (Aesculus glabra var. Rounded or Spreading Shape. Get directions, maps, and traffic for Buckeye, CA. Best viewed @ large size Sapindaceae - Endemic to California California Buckeye; California Horse-chestnut Shown: Habit of young tree, approx. The California buckeye (Aesculus californica), also called horse chestnut, is a large deciduous shrub or small tree that grows wild in the western United States. This is a great plant for a sunny hillside where its attractive form can be enjoyed. Cambridge University Press. It typically is multi-trunked, with a crown as broad as it is high. Early spring leaves open apple green, then darken to forest green, changing to yellow-brown in July and finally to rust before falling in August and September. The California Buckeye is botanically called Aesculus californica. Aesculus californica, commonly known as the California buckeye or California horse-chestnut, is a species of buckeye native to California and southwestern Oregon. General: Buckeye Family (Hippocastanaceae). Native American tribes, including the Pomo, Yokut, and Luiseño, used the poisonous nuts and seeds to stupefy schools of fish in small streams to make them easier to catch. The seeds are poisonous[1] and are the largest known of any temperate (non-tropical) plant species. This tree typically grows to between 1.22 and 3.66 feet (4 to 12 m) high, with a spread that is roughly the same size. Bloom Period Photos from CalPhotos / … It is derived from the old Roman name for a different species, Quercus petraea. A small disjunct population is found in the Chino Hills near Chino, California. The tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be moist well-drained soils, intolerant of dryness. Don’t eat them unless you know specific leaching techniques because they’re poisonous. The California buckeye (A. californica) is endemic to California and southwestern Oregon and features sweetly The fast-growing California buckeye grows from 15 to 40 feet tall with a spread of 30 to 60 feet. The leaves are palmately compound and the flowers are white-pink. [5] When the shoots are small and leaves are new, they are lower in toxins and are grazed by livestock and wildlife. Aesculus californica ) is a great plant for a bow drill or Hand drill with many other wildflowers, its! Grow around us in the Rogue Valley in Oregon canyons or stream edges, most often the. In the Rogue Valley in Oregon attractive form can be enjoyed loss of foliage south-facing slopes and hilltops butterfly are... 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